Glossary: D

Dyspraxia / Developmental Co-Ordination Disorder (DCD)

A condition affecting physical co-ordination that causes a child to perform less well than expected in daily activities for his or her age, and will appear to move clumsily. The condition often causes continued problems into adulthood.

Diversity

In the context of a community, diversity denotes the wide range of shared and different characteristics, ideas, cultures, and concepts between individuals and groups.

Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a common learning difficulty that can cause problems with reading, writing and spelling.

Discrimination

The unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people based on their race, ethnicity, religion, socioeconomic status, education, age, gender and gender identity, sexual orientation and physical or mental abilities.

Disability

A physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on a person’s ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities.

Direct Discrimination

Less favourable treatment because of a person’s protected characteristic.

Diabetes

Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high. Type 1 diabetes is where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin, whilst type 2 diabetes is where the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin.

Deafblindness

Deafblindness is a combination of sight and hearing loss that affects a person’s ability to communicate, access information and get around.