Glossary

Gender Reassignment

The process of transitioning from one gender to another.

Harassment

Unwanted conduct related to a protected characteristic that has the purpose or effect of violating a person’s dignity or creates an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment.

Heterosexual

Someone who is attracted to a person from the opposite gender (colloquially termed as ‘straight’).

Hijab

A veil worn by some Muslim women in the presence of any male outside of their immediate family, which usually covers the head and chest.

Inclusion

The act of creating environments in which any individual or group can be and feel welcomed, respected, supported and valued to fully participate.

Indirect Discrimination

This is when a provision, criterion or practice is applied in a way that creates disproportionate disadvantage for a person with a protected characteristic as compared to those who do not share that characteristic, and is not a proportionate means of achieving a legitimate aim.

Kachera

Short trousers traditionally worn by Sikhs as a symbol of their religious and cultural loyalty.

Kangha

One of the five articles of faith which Sikhs wear at all times which are the physical symbols of Sikhism – this is a wooden comb.

Kara

One of the five articles of faith which Sikhs wear at all times which are the physical symbols of Sikhism – this is an iron/steel bracelet.

Kesh

One of the five articles of faith which Sikhs wear at all times which are the physical symbols of Sikhism – this is uncut hair.

Khimar

A long, cape-like veil that hangs down to just above the waist, often worn by Muslim women. It covers the hair, neck and shoulders completely, but leaves the face clear.

Kippah/Yarmulke

A kippah or yarmulke is a brimless cap, usually made of cloth, worn by Jewish people. In traditional, Orthodox Jewish communities they must be worn by men at all times (except when bathing and sleeping).

Kirpan

One of the five articles of faith which Sikhs wear at all times which are the physical symbols of Sikhism – this is an iron/steel sword/dagger.

Lesbian

A woman whose primary sexual attraction is to other women.

LGBT+

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and the “plus” denotes inclusivity of all other identities e.g. asexual, intersex, queer and questioning.

Mala

A traditional set of prayer beads, commonly associated with Tibetan Buddhism. Malas are generally used to count the number of times a particular mantra is repeated during Buddhist meditation. A shorter, more informal set of malas can also be worn on the wrist.

Marginalised

The treatment of a particular person, group, or concept, such that they feel excluded or insignificant.

Microaggressions

Small, slight, but commonly used verbal and non-verbal actions or behaviours which, either intentionally or unintentionally, communicate a hostile or derogatory message to underrepresented groups and individuals.

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