Glossary

Conscious Bias (also known as explicit bias)

A positive or negative inclination or prejudice towards a person, group, especially in a way considered to be unfair.

Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s disease is a lifelong condition in which parts of the digestive system become inflamed.

Culture

The ideas, customs, and social behaviour of a particular people or society.

Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis is an inherited condition that causes sticky mucus to build up in the lungs and digestive system. This causes lung infections and problems with digesting food.

Deafblindness

Deafblindness is a combination of sight and hearing loss that affects a person’s ability to communicate, access information and get around.

Diabetes

Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high. Type 1 diabetes is where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin, whilst type 2 diabetes is where the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin.

Direct Discrimination

Less favourable treatment because of a person’s protected characteristic.

Disability

A physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on a person’s ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities.

Discrimination

The unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people based on their race, ethnicity, religion, socioeconomic status, education, age, gender and gender identity, sexual orientation and physical or mental abilities.

Diversity

In the context of a community, diversity denotes the wide range of shared and different characteristics, ideas, cultures, and concepts between individuals and groups.

Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a common learning difficulty that can cause problems with reading, writing and spelling.

Dyspraxia / Developmental Co-Ordination Disorder (DCD)

A condition affecting physical co-ordination that causes a child to perform less well than expected in daily activities for his or her age, and will appear to move clumsily. The condition often causes continued problems into adulthood.

Epilepsy

A common condition that affects the brain and causes frequent seizures. Seizures are bursts of electrical activity in the brain that temporarily affect how it works. A fit is a symptom of a seizure.

Equality

The state of being equal, especially in status, rights, and opportunities.

Gay

People attracted to members of the same sex.

Gender

Often expressed in terms of masculinity and femininity, gender is largely culturally determined and is assumed from the sex assigned at birth

 

Gender Dysphoria

When a person experiences discomfort or distress because there is a mismatch between their sex assigned at birth and their gender identity.

Gender Identity

A personal conception of one’s own gender.

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