The ideas, customs, and social behaviour of a particular people or society.

Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis is an inherited condition that causes sticky mucus to build up in the lungs and digestive system. This causes lung infections and problems with digesting food.


Deafblindness is a combination of sight and hearing loss that affects a person’s ability to communicate, access information and get around.


Depression is a common mental health problem that affects people in different ways and can cause a wide variety of symptoms including unhappiness and hopelessness.


Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high. Type 1 diabetes is where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin, whilst type 2 diabetes is where the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin.

Direct Discrimination

Less favourable treatment because of a person’s protected characteristic.


A physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on a person’s ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities.


The unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people based on their race, ethnicity, religion, socioeconomic status, education, age, gender and gender identity, sexual orientation and physical or mental abilities.


In the context of a community, diversity denotes the wide range of shared and different characteristics, ideas, cultures, and concepts between individuals and groups.


Dyslexia is a common learning difficulty that can cause problems with reading, writing and spelling.

Dyspraxia / Developmental Co-Ordination Disorder (DCD)

A condition affecting physical co-ordination that causes a child to perform less well than expected in daily activities for his or her age, and will appear to move clumsily. The condition often causes continued problems into adulthood.


A common condition that affects the brain and causes frequent seizures. Seizures are bursts of electrical activity in the brain that temporarily affect how it works. A fit is a symptom of a seizure.


The state of being equal, especially in status, rights, and opportunities.


People attracted to members of the same sex.

Gender Dysphoria

The condition of feeling one’s emotional and psychological identity as male or female to be opposite to one’s biological sex.

Gender Identity

A personal conception of one’s own gender.

Gender Reassignment

The process of transitioning from one gender to another.


Unwanted conduct related to a protected characteristic that has the purpose or effect of violating a person’s dignity or creates an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment.

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